Material Safety Data Sheet                     U.S. Department of Labor

May be used to comply with                                Occupational Safety and Health Administration

OSHA’s2 Hazard Communication Standard,            (Non-Mandatory Form)

29 CFR 1910, 1200.  Standard must be                Form Approved

consulted for specific requirements.                     OMB No. 1218-0072

IDENTITY (As Used on Label and List)                                    Note:  Blank spaces are not permitted.  If any item is not                    

                Carbon Dioxide, Solid                                              applicable, or no information is available, the space must be

                                                                                                marked to indicate that.

Section I

Manufacturer’s Name

American Dry Ice Corporation                                     

Emergency Telephone Number

(800) 248-1104 and/or (413) 283-9906

Address (Number, Street, City, State and Zip Code
19 Second Street, P.O. Box 719

Telephone Number for Information
Kerrie Dumont (603) 425-2500

Palmer Industrial Park

Date Prepared April 4, 1988

Revised 7/1/91; Revised 5/1/08;Revised 1/1/09
Revised 1/1/10; Revised 1/1/11; Revised 1/1/12

Palmer, MA 01069

Signature of Preparer (optional)
Robert M. Koerner




Section II – Hazardous Ingredients/Identity Information


Hazardous Components                                                                                                 Other Limits

(Specific Chemical Identity; Common Name(s)                OSHA PEL      ACGIH TLV     Recommended          % (optional)

Solid Carbon Dioxide; Carbonic Anhydride,          5,000PPM    5,000PPM    30,000PPM (STEL)         99.5

Nuggets, Pellets, Block Dry Ice, Hot Ice,

Dry Ice Disc (Trade Names); SCO2

C.A.S. No --  124-38-9

DOT No. --  UN-1845


Section III --  Physical/Chemical Characteristics

Boiling Point             N/A     
Sublimation Point   (-79C)


Specific Gravity (H2O = 1)

1.014 @ 2˚F

Vapor Pressure (mm Hg.)
@ 70˚F (21˚C) =


Melting Point
-69.83˚F, -56.57˚C   @ 75.1 PSIA


Vapor Density (AIR = 1) 
@ 70˚F (21˚C) =


Evaporation Rate
(Butyl Acetate = 1 ) 



Solubility in Water

                        @ 68˚F (20˚C) = 87%

Appearance  and Odor

                White opaque solid; slight pungent odor


Section IV – Fire and Explosion Hazard Data

Flash Point (Method Used)                                                        Flammable Limits                       LEL                UEL

   N/A                                                                            N/A                       N/A            N/A

Extinguishing Media

  Non-flammable, inert gas

Special Fire Fighting Procedures

  This material is non-combustible, used as an extinguishing agent for smothering class B & C fires.

Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards

  Dry Ice should not be stored in air tight containers unless specifically designed for that purpose; when confined in sealed containers, heat will cause sublimation resulting in container rupture or an explosion.

Judgments as to the suitability of information herein for purchaser’s purposes are necessarily purchaser’s responsibility.  Therefore, although reasonable care has

been taken in the preparation of such information, American Carbonation extends no warrantee, makes no representations, and assumes no responsibility as to the accuracy or suitability of such information for application to purchaser’s intended purposes or consequences of its use.  Since American Carbonation has no control over the use of this product, it assumes no liability for damage or loss of product resulting from proper (or improper) use or application of the product.  Data sheets may be changed from time to time.  Be sure to consult the latest edition.

Section V – Reactivity Data




Conditions to Avoid



Stable under normal conditions of storage and use



Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid)

  Carbon Dioxide will react with alkaline materials to form carbonates and bicarbonates.  CO2 is not effective for use on fires with reactive metal (Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium, Aluminum, Titanium, and Zirconium) or their hydrides.

Hazardous Decomposition or Byproducts

  CO2 decomposes to CO and O2 when heated above 1700˚C

Hazardous  Polymerization

May Occur


  Conditions to Avoid



Carbon Dioxide can cause violent polymerization of
acrylaldehyde or ethyleneimine.





Section VI – Health Hazard Data

Route(s) of Entry:                                       Inhalation?                 Skin?                                         Ingestion?

                                                                    Yes                        Yes                                          No

Health Hazards (Acute and Chronic)

  CO2 can cause suffocation.  3% to 5% causes increased respiration and headache but no known harmful effects from repeat inhalation.  Higher concentrations cause circulatory insufficiencies which cause headache, nausea, vomiting and unconsciousness.  Dry ice when touched can cause severe frostbite which is a change in the color of the skin to gray or white possibly followed by blistering.

Carcinogenicity:                                          NTP?                                        IARC Monographs?                     OSHA Regulated?

                        None                          No                                                          No                                            No

Signs and Symptoms of Exposure

  Headache, nausea, vomiting, rapid breathing, perspiration, watery eyes, irritated nose and throat, dizziness, drowsiness, unconsciousness, and a change in the color of the skin to gray or white possibly followed by blistering in the case of frostbite.

Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated by Exposure

  Persons in ill health where such illnesses would be aggravated by exposure to Carbon Dioxide should not be allowed to work with or handle this product.  Persons with respiratory disease or heart disorders should avoid breathing excessive Carbon Dioxide.

Emergency and First Aid Procedures

  Immediately assist person overcome by CO2 to an uncontaminated area to inhale fresh air.  Unconscious persons after being moved to fresh air should be given mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, administered oxygen, and medical assistance sought immediately.  Rescue personnel should be equipped with self-contained breathing apparatus with full face mask.  Frostbite – DO NOT USE HOT WATER.  Immerse affected area in lukewarm water and promptly see a physician.

Section VII – Precautions for Safe Handling and Use

Steps to Be Taken in Case Material is Released or Spilled

  Evacuate area of all personnel and provide adequate ventilation.  Clean up should be provided by personnel wearing self-contained breathing apparatus with full face mask, insulated gloves, heavy protective clothing, and safety shoes.

Waste Disposal Method

  Move waste to a well ventilated and isolated area and allow to sublime.  Area must be supervised until sublimation of all dry ice.  DO NOT PUT DRY ICE IN SEALED CONTAINERS UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED FOR THAT PURPOSE.

Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storing

  Store dry ice in well ventilated areas away from heat.  Storage containers specifically manufactured for the storage of dry ice should be used.  Local exhaust ventilation and/or general dilution ventilation should be used to meet OSHA TWA 5,000PPM.  Anyone handling dry ice should wear insulated gloves, heavy clothing, face shields, and safety shoes.

Section VIII – Control Measures

Respiratory Protection (Specify Type)

  Local exhaust or general dilution ventilation to meet published exposure limits.

Ventilation                 Local Exhaust                                                                              Special

                                  Yes, to well ventilated area                                                       None

                                Mechanical  (General)                                                                  Other

                                  Exhaust fans where necessary                                                  None

Protective Gloves                                                                                       Eye Protection

  Yes, insulating-type glove                                                                                     Safety glasses or full face shield

Other Protective Clothing or Equipment

  Long sleeve shirts should be worn when handling dry ice as well as pants or coveralls.  Ties should be removed when viewing ice making equipment.

Work/Hygienic Practices

  All dry ice storage containers should be free of all debris and trash before storing dry ice in containers.  Properly rated material handling equipment should be used to transport containers between loading/unloading area and vehicles.